With near-ubiquitous entry, Icelanders are frequent web customers. In accordance with 2019 information from Eurostat, 100% of the inhabitants makes use of the web (99 p.c inside the final three months), and 98 p.c of households have web connections.1 Iceland’s fastened broadband penetration charge was 36.4 p.c in 2018 (the latest 12 months for which information can be found), in accordance with the Worldwide Telecommunication Union (ITU); its cellular broadband penetration charge was 125.5 p.c.2

Iceland continues to reinforce its ICT infrastructure. Within the first half of 2019, nearly all of the inhabitants utilizing the web was related through fiber-optic cable (59 p.c) whereas a shrinking quantity remained related through digital subscriber line, or DSL, expertise (41 p.c).3 The federal government’s Iceland Optical Linked initiative, which goals to supply residents with fixed-lined connections of at the least 100 Mbps by 2020, has pushed the event of fiber-optic cables.4 In Might 2020, the federal government introduced that it had allotted ISK 400 million ($2.9 million) towards realizing this purpose; on the identical time, it acknowledged that work will proceed into 2021.5

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Each third-generation (3G) and fourth-generation (4G) cellular protection is intensive. Many cellular operators are working to develop 5G networks.6 No less than three cellular service suppliers have obtained permission from the Publish and Telecom Administration (PTA) to develop 5G networks, which the PTA says should serve at the least 25 p.c of the inhabitants by 2021.7 In Might 2020, Nova turned the primary cellular operator in Iceland to supply 5G to its prospects.8

Public Wi-Fi hotspots are broadly obtainable all through the nation.9

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In 2019, the typical fastened broadband obtain velocity in Iceland was 22.13 Mbps, in accordance with the analytics firm Cable.10 Nevertheless, 2019 information from the PTA present that 95.4 p.c of fastened broadband web subscribers take pleasure in marketed obtain speeds of 30 Mbps or extra.11

Winter storms generally result in energy outages in additional distant components of the nation which will briefly disrupt connectivity for individuals dwelling in these areas. An unusually highly effective storm in December 2019 briefly disrupted telecommunications in components of the Japanese, Northeastern, Northwestern, and Westfjords areas.12

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  • 1Eurostat, European Union, “Digital economic system and society: Knowledge: Database,” https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/internet/digital-economy-and-society/information/information…
  • 2International Telecommunication Union, “Iceland Profile (2018),” https://www.itu.int/itu-d/apis/shoppers/res/pdf/country_profile/report_I…
  • 3Post and Telecom Administration, “Statistics on the Icelandic Digital Communications Marketplace for the First Half of 2019,” November 2019, https://www.pfs.is/library/Skrar/Tolfraedi/Tolfraediskyrslur-PFS/Fjarsk…
  • 4Post and Telecom Administration, “Annual Report 2017”, https://www.pfs.is/library/Skrar/English/About-PTA/PTA_Annual_Report_20…
  • 5Government of Island, “Ísland ljóstengt: Aukaúthlutun 2020 og áhugi kannaður vegna lokaúthlutunar 2021[Iceland connected to the light: Additional allocation in 2020 and interest surveyed for the final allocation in 2021],” Might 8, 2020, https://www.stjornarradid.is/efst-a-baugi/frettir/stok-frett/2020/05/08…
  • 6Anasia D’mello, “Síminn and Ericsson ramp up transfer in direction of 5G and big IoT in Iceland”, VanillaPlus, Might 3, 2019, https://www.vanillaplus.com/2019/05/03/46535-siminn-ericsson-ramp-move-…
  • 7“PTA awards 5G spectrum in 3.6GHz band till December 2021,” CommsUpdate, Might 1, 2020, https://www.commsupdate.com/articles/2020/05/01/pta-awards-5g-spectrum-…
  • 8Margrét Tryggvadóttir, “5G hjá Nova er komið í loftið! [Nova’s 5G has been launched!],” Nova, Might 5, 2020, https://www.nova.is/dansgolfid/5g-hja-nova-er-komid-i-loftid
  • 9“Web and Wi-Fi Entry in Iceland,” Nordic Customer, https://iceland.nordicvisitor.com/travel-guide/info/internet-acc…
  • 10Cable.co.uk., “Worldwide Broadband Pace League 2019,” https://www.cable.co.uk/broadband/velocity/worldwide-speed-league/
  • 11Post and Telecom Administration, “Statistics on the Icelandic Digital Communications Market 2019,” Might 2020, https://www.pfs.is/library/Skrar/Tolfraedi/Tolfraediskyrslur-PFS/Tpercentc3percentb…
  • 12Kristín Sigurðardóttir, “Fordæmalaus truflun á fjarskiptasambandi [Unprecedented disruption of electronic communications],” RÚV, December 11, 2019, https://www.ruv.is/frett/fordaemalaus-truflun-a-fjarskiptasambandi

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