Music Glossary: 61 Obscure Music Terms to Know | LANDR Blog

There’s loads of phrases floating round within the music world.

Realizing what every time period means is helpful for understanding what’s occurring in a bit of music.

See more: Top music term

However extra importantly, understanding music phrases may help you higher talk how your music ought to sound with different collaborators.

That will help you stand up thus far in your music phrases we’ve compiled this checklist of 60 definitions for a few of the extra complicated music phrases on the market.

Right here’s 60 music phrases it’s good to know.

1. Accent

An accent is when a particular notice or phrase is emphasised with a rise in depth above different non-accented notes.

2. Unintended

Accidentals in music discuss with notes that aren’t inside a particular key signature and due to this fact exist outdoors of the important thing.

3. Adagio

Adagio means slowly in Italian. In music, it signifies {that a} piece ought to be performed a slower tempo or velocity.

4. Allegro

Allegro means cheerful in Italian. In music, it means the music ought to be performed at an upbeat and shiny tempo.

5. Alto

Alto is a spread of pitches usually assigned to a singer in a choir. The alto vary of pitches is under Soprano however increased than the Tenor vary.

6. Andante

Andante is used to explain a reasonably sluggish tempo. It’s Italian which means “to-go about” suggests a strolling tempo for use in a bit of music.

7. Arpeggio

An arpeggio is when a chord of notes is damaged and performed in sequence. For instance, a C main arpeggio can be performed C-E-G-C.

8. Bar

In music, a bar is a subsection of time that’s outlined by a time signature. For instance, a 4/4 time signature assigns 4 quarter notes to every bar.

8. BPM

The acronym BPM stands for “Beats per Minute” and refers back to the variety of beats that can happen inside sixty seconds.

9. Cadence

A cadence is a sequence of chords used to indicate the top of a phrase.

10. Cadenza

A cadenza is a second in a musical piece the place an instrumentalist or singer is given the chance to play a solo freely and with inventive license to go outdoors of a inflexible tempo or rhythm.

11. Canon

Canons in music are when a melody is performed by one instrument or group of devices, after which repeated a sure variety of bars later by one other instrument to overlap the preliminary melody.

12. Clef

The clef is a logo used initially of a bit of sheet music to indicate the notice values on the employees.

For instance, a G clef or treble clef symbolizes {that a} G is discovered on the second line of the employees.

13. Coda

A coda is a logo utilized in sheet music to indicate the place the ultimate passage of a bit begins. A bit will embody a “da coda” instruction to inform the orchestra when to proceed to the start of the ultimate passage.

14. Crescendo

A crescendo is a gradual improve in dynamic quantity throughout a piece of music.

15. Da Capo

Da capo is an instruction utilized in sheet music that tells the band or orchestra to re-start the piece from the start and return to the highest.

16. Dal Segno

Dal segno is an instruction utilized in sheet music that tells the band or orchestra to renew enjoying the piece from a unique part of the piece, normally denoted by a star-like image or signal.

17. Diminuendo

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The other of a crescendo, a diminuendo is a lower in dynamic quantity throughout a piece of music.

18. Dynamics

In music, the time period dynamics refers back to the depth and quantity with which a notice ought to be performed. Probably the most primary dynamic are piano (delicate), forte (arduous), and mezzo (medium).

19. Enharmonic

Refers to 2 notes which have totally different spellings but sound the identical. For instance, F# and Gb are the identical notes with totally different spellings.

20. Fermata

A fermata is a logo utilized in sheet music to point {that a} notice ought to be held longer than its customary length. The size that the notice will be held is as much as the artist or conductor.

21. Flat

In music, flat refers back to the relative tonal high quality of a notice. A flat notice is one half-step under the identical pure notice in pitch.

22. Forte

Forte is a time period used to explain a louder dynamic. Forte ought to be louder than mezzo-forte however quieter than fortissimo.

23. Fortepiano

Fortepiano is a dynamic instruction that tells an instrumentalist to initially play a notice loudly after which shortly decay to a quiet sustained dynamic.

24. Giocoso

Giocoso in music implies that the piece ought to be performed in a enjoyable and carefree method, most frequently at the next tempo.

Understanding music phrases may help you higher talk how your music ought to sound with different collaborators.

25. Glissando

A glissando instructs instrumentalists to slip in pitch from notice to notice, as a substitute of accentuating every notice.

26. Glockenspiel

The glockenspiel is a pitched percussion instrument with steel bars which might be struck by a tough mallet.

27. Grave

Grave means solemn in Italian. In music a grave advertising signifies an especially sluggish tempo under 60 BPM.

28. Key

In music, key refers back to the set of notes belonging particularly to a serious scale or its relative minor scale. For instance the important thing of F-Main incorporates the notes F-A-Bb-C-D-E-F.

29. Largo/Larghetto

Largo means giant in Italian. In orchestral music, it refers to a big and slow-moving tempo.

30. Leggero

Leggero means mild in Italian. In sheet music leggero means to play calmly, normally at a faster tempo and in a light-hearted method.

31. Legato

In music legato means to attach every notice easily with out a lot articulation between notes.

32. Motif

A motif in music refers to a particular melody or sequence of notes is utilized in other ways all through a bit of music or music.

33. Pure

Pure notes in music discuss with a notice that’s neither sharp nor flat. Sometimes a pure notice image is used to inform the musician that the notice is pure regardless of the important thing signature.

34. Nonet

In music, a nonet is a bunch of 9 musicians.

35. Ostinato

Much like a motif, an ostinato is a rhythmic sample that repeats all through a bit of music.

36. Pan

Pan in audio manufacturing refers back to the stereo route of the audio sign. When an audio sign is absolutely panned to the left it’ll come from the left facet of a stereo speaker.

37. Pianissimo

Pianissimo is a dynamic instruction in music that tells musicians to play very softly or quieter. The dynamic vary for a pianissimo passage ought to be quieter than piano, however louder than pianississimo.

38. Pizzicato

Pizzicato means plucked in Italian, it instructs string sections to pluck their devices as a substitute of bowing them.

39. Poco-a-poco

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Poco-a-poco means little by little, indicating an incremental change in tempo over an extended time period both up or down.

40. Presto

Presto means immediately in Italian. In music, presto to a really quick tempo normally above 170 BPM.

41. Quarter tone

1 / 4 tone is a musical interval that’s half the worth of a semitone and 1 / 4 of the worth of an entire tone.

42. Quintuplet

Much like a triplet, a quintuplet is a rhythmic notation that instructs gamers to play 5 notes within the house 1 / 4 notice makes use of.

43. Rhapsody

A rhapsody is a one-movement piece of music that explores a number of free-flowing sections that don’t essentially relate to 1 one other.

44. Ritardando

A ritardando is a music instruction that requires musicians to steadily decelerate in tempo.

45. Rondo

A rondo is a kind of orchestral type or music construction. It normally consists of a number of repeating sections.

46. Rubato

Rubato signifies the participant could appropriately velocity up and decelerate the tempo as desired. Normally rubato is marked throughout a solo part.

47. Scherzo

Scherzo refers to a brief orchestral piece of music.

48. Sforzando

Sforzando is a dynamic instruction that requires gamers to play a notice abruptly and loudly. The emphasis placed on a sforzando notice is normally greater than an accent.

49. Sharp

A pointy musical notice is a semitone increased in intonation than the identical pure notice.

50. Slur

Slurs in music are an instruction given to string and wind gamers to easily slur collectively every notice with none articulation.

51. Solfege

Solfege is the phonetic set of notes correspond to the letter notice. For instance the notes from a C-Main scale in solfege is “do”, “re”, “mi”, “fah”, “so”, “la”, “ti”, “do”.

52. Soprano

A soprano is a spread of pitches within the highest register of tones, this vary is increased than the alto vary of pitches.

53. Sostenuto

Sostenuto means sustained in Italian. In sheet music, sostenuto notes or musical passages require musicians to play every notice past its regular worth.

54. Staccato

Staccato is the other of sostenuto. Staccato notes are performed a lot shorter than their regular values.

55. Tempo

Tempo is the tempo or velocity at which a bit of music is performed. Normally, the tempo will outline the size and length of 1 / 4 notice.

56. Tenor

Tenor refers to a spread of notes between alto and bass.

57. Tremolo

Tremolo is an impact musicians can placed on a sustained famous to create a trembling sound. Normally, it takes form within the type of repeating the identical notice in a short time.

58. Tenuto

Tenuto means maintain in Italian. When a tenuto instruction is given the participant is anticipated to carry every notice for the whole lot of its worth after which some.

59. Trill

Trill is an instruction to maintain fast alternation between two totally different pitches.

60. Vibrato

Vibrato is an impact the place the pitch of a notice is subtly moved up and right down to create a vibrating impact.

61. Vivace

Vivace means energetic or vivacious in Italian. Sometimes this instruction suggests a quick tempo, louder dynamic, and shiny enjoying.

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