The 30 best Disney movies of all time | GamesRadar

Throughout a number of a long time, Disney has left us spellbound with its unimaginable adventures and animated epics; fairytales have been reinvented, myths have turned magical, and we’ve all sung ‘Let it Go’ extra instances than we dare to depend. However which is the perfect? It’s an almost-impossible query, and we’ve tried to offer a solution.

Everybody’s bought a favourite Disney film, so you possibly can think about how onerous it was to whittle down the 30 greatest Disney motion pictures and put them in an order that wouldn’t wreck any childhoods. However we’ve executed it.

See more: Top ten disney movies

From fashionable classics to animated all-timers, the checklist of greatest Disney motion pictures charts the storied historical past of the Home of Mouse on the large display. Whereas some newer releases – corresponding to Encanto – don’t fairly make the lower, you possibly can relaxation straightforward realizing the ultimate order, mockingly, gave us a number of sleepless nights.

So seize your mouse ears and be part of us as we rank the perfect Disney motion pictures of all time.

Learn extra: Finest exhibits on Disney Plus | Finest motion pictures on Disney Plus

30. Pocahontas

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Disney had lengthy toyed with the concept of creating an animated Romeo and Juliet, so, when legendary director Mike Gabriel pitched Pocahontas, the film was greenlit virtually instantly. The story is loosely based mostly on the lifetime of an actual Native American lady and her encounter with an English colonialist referred to as John Smith. Nevertheless, the difference obtained a combined reception for its therapy of Powhatan tradition. Some Native People declare Pocahontas distorts historical past, whereas others reward it for being one of many first cases the place standard tradition acknowledges the brutal intentions of English settlers wiping out indigenous tribes.

No matter your perception, there’s no denying that Pocahontas is beautiful, with sharp animation and beautiful sequences – who might neglect the flowing chalk in “Colors of the Wind?” With iconic songs that gained two Oscars and a narrative that began a dialog, Pocahontas is without doubt one of the most entertaining and thought-provoking Disney motion pictures.

29. The Hunchback of Notre Dame

(Picture credit score: Disney)

The Hunchback of Notre Dame brings Victor Hugo’s gothic novel to the silver display, and would not scrimp on its therapy of infanticide, sexual violence, spiritual damnation, and genocide. But, one way or the other, regardless of being one of many darkest Disney motion pictures ever made, The Hunchback of Notre Dame can be probably the most poignantly lovely.

When Esmerelda stares up on the face of the Virgin Mary within the church’s cavernous halls and sings, “Sure I do know I’m simply an outcast, I shouldn’t converse to you, nonetheless I see your face and marvel have been you as soon as an outcast too?” the film highlights how hypocritical society could be. With cautious route by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Sensible, the film takes many dangers in tone and storytelling, pointing a finger again on the viewers and educating us that these on their excessive horses aren’t all the time ethical.

28. Cinderella

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Too many individuals underestimate Cinderella. Certain, she’s not as feisty and impartial because the Belles and Mulans of this world, however she’s additionally kind-hearted and dedicated to her beliefs – these are classes which can be simply as worthwhile in at the moment’s world.

Cinderella is a movie painted in mushy, pastel hues and with a wistful spirit. It’s one which all the time feels so comforting to return to. Consider the tiny mice of their tiny clothes, scampering round with needles and thread, or the way in which cleaning soap bubbles may drift into the air and create kaleidoscopes of color. After which there’s the perfect second of all: when the Fairy Godmother magics up a robe that Cinderella can put on to the ball and it materialises out of stardust and needs. Cinderella is one for the dreamers.

27. Treasure Planet

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Disney has an extended historical past of placing progressive spins on traditional literature. The Nice Mouse Detective shrunk Sherlock Holmes right down to measurement, whereas The Lion King introduced Hamlet to the African savannah. Treasure Planet, in the meantime, sends Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island out into area – providing an adventurous, old school yarn with Emma Thompson as a slinky cat-lady-sea captain.

The acquainted parts of the unique are all right here. There’s the younger protagonist, Jim Hawkins, voiced by Joseph Gordon-Levitt, who finds a treasure map that guarantees to result in fame and fortune. There’s the shifty John Silver, although his peg leg right here comes with cybernetic enhancements. The ships they use nonetheless appear to be 18th-century galleons, plucked out of the ocean and despatched taking pictures throughout the celebs.

26. 101 Dalmatians

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Contemplating how a single canine sneeze can generate 10,000 retweets, it’s maybe stunning that the most important star 101 Dalmatians is not an lovable pet – however a cigarette-puffing villain with unhealthy eyeshadow. Cruella De Vil firmly cements herself as probably the most iconic criminals of all time, noticed at Halloween events the world over. Her theme track stays an earworm, even whereas the film’s precise story is a tad bland.

101 Dalmatians is a conquer adversity inside a Disney studio tormented by monetary issues. The animation group pinched the pursestrings by experimenting with a brand new course of referred to as xeroxgraphy, the place their strains have been basically photocopied from one body to the subsequent, leading to a scratchy-yet-elegant impact.

25. Massive Hero Six

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Everybody might do with a hug from a large, inflatable robotic. If solely all of us had our personal Baymax – the six-foot, unfailingly attentive star of Massive Hero 6. Every time he hears an “ow” or another signal of misery, he’ll waddle over and ask in a soothing, flat voice: “On a scale of 1 to 10, how would you charge your ache?”

He turns into a sort of guardian to Hiro, a teenage tech wiz. He lives in San Fransokyo, a vibrant, Blade Runner-esque mixture of San Francisco and Tokyo the place the Golden Gate bridge is adorned with conventional Shinto gates. Like so many Disney movies, Hiro is an orphan coping with sudden loss. However Massive Hero 6 manages to stability feelings each intimate and grand, from studying the best way to grieve to saving the world. It’s a Disney adaptation of a Marvel comedian that one way or the other doesn’t contain Nick Fury turning up on the finish with a proposition.

24. The Aristocats

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Following within the wake of 101 Dalmatians, Aristocats – the final challenge Walt Disney labored on earlier than his dying halfway via manufacturing – moulds that film’s visible model into one thing dully candy. Sturdy vocal performances by Phil Harris as Thomas O’Malley – who additionally voices Baloo in The Jungle Guide – and Eva Gaboor as Duchess convey the script to life.

Then there are the songs like “All people Desires To Be A Cat” that stay classics to this present day. These have been the final musical numbers to be penned by the legendary Sherman Brothers earlier than departing the studio, saying the ambiance had turn out to be too poisonous following Disney’s dying. This sense of unease manages to remain out of The Aristocats, nevertheless, which stays an enthralling Disney story.

23. Mulan

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Mulan is the story of a younger woman who – to guard her ailing Father – cuts off her hair, strips away her feminine identification, and rides to warfare towards the invading Hun military. Based mostly on an historic Chinese language folktale, Mulan combines the perfect of Japanese and Western tradition for a film that one way or the other by no means feels jarring. It’s a testomony to Mulan’s unimaginable script that, when the hilarious “A Lady Value Combating For” musical quantity is interrupted mid-note by the brutal devastation of a burning city, the sudden shift from laughter to horror doesn’t give the viewers whiplash.

The Disney Holy Trinity of story, track, and setting is capped by beautiful artwork: every thing from a smoking battlefield to Mulan’s homely backyard are dropped at life with calligraphic curves in contrast to something beforehand seen in a Disney film. Mulan is a narrative that by no means will get previous.


22. Peter Pan

(Picture credit score: Disney)

A narrative a couple of boy unwilling to develop up and who as a substitute lives in a fantasy land – seems like good materials for Disney. Walt’s brother Roy secured the rights to show J.M. Barrie’s unique play into an animated characteristic following the success of Snow White, and Peter Pan stays one of many studio’s most iconic initiatives.

Editor’s Choice: The 30 best horror movies that will haunt you long after the credits roll | GamesRadar

It introduced magic and literal fairy mud to cinema, together with the concept that hidden simply across the nook might lie a wholly new world. Neverland’s inhabitants is stuffed with fascinating characters – from scared misplaced boys to terrifying hooked pirates, themselves petrified of crocodiles and ticking clocks. Such a big forged can be straightforward to lose monitor of, however Disney’s writing group deal with the storytelling with ease.

21. Robin Hood

(Picture credit score: Disney)

There’s a sure rugged attraction to robin Hood’s animation. Within the aftermath of Walt Disney’s dying most of the inventive leads scrambled to try to work out what their former boss would have needed to make, somewhat than reflecting on what new distinctive tales they may inform. The 1973 film was thus rushed for time, and so it recycles sequences from Snow White, The Jungle Guide, and the Aristocats. The result’s a hodgepodge of concepts that.

But, regardless of all this, Robin Hood is a profitable “buddy film”, providing us one in every of cinema’s greatest portrayals of the enduring, endlessly reproduced tales. The eponymous fox is especially entertaining, and maybe why we fortunately laud his motion pictures as a Disney cult traditional.

20. Zootropolis

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Zootropolis might have ended up misplaced someplace in all of the Frozen mania, however it nonetheless deserves to be remembered as one of many stronger entries in Disney’s latest catalogue. Animation has usually delivered hopeful visions of a world the place all races and creeds can reside in concord, however Zootropolis stands proud from the pack. By portraying simmering tensions between mammalian predators and prey, former foes now residing side-by-side, the movie can dive straight into the sophisticated stuff.

There’s an exploration of how these in cost use concern to remain in energy, with concrete illustrations of how historic divisions nonetheless feed into at the moment’s judgements and stereotypes. And all of that’s grounded in a intelligent, ingenious world that includes a diminutive rodent district, a sassy gazelle with the voice of Shakira, and a D.M.V. with the longest wait instances possible – as a result of it’s staffed fully by sloths.

19. Dumbo

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Spanning simply 64 minutes, Dumbo is shorter than some episodes of tv – but it packs extra emotional punches than any single Sport of Thrones episode. Bear in mind when Dumbo’s Mum reaches her trunk via the bars? Or the one tear that rolls down her son’s face?

Whereas most of the studio’s senior animators have been engaged on Bambi, the youthful workers have been ripping up the rulebook and experimenting with scenes just like the nightmarish “Pink Elephants on Parade” sequence. However the core story stays touching in its simplicity: a shy circus elephant bullied for the scale of his ears turns them right into a expertise. Like Rudolph and his purple nostril, Dumbo teaches audiences that our variations make us stronger.

18. Fantasia

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Fantasia doesn’t have probably the most loyal of fanbases. Nobody’s desperately requesting The Sorcerer’s Apprentice at Disney Sing-Alongs or hoarding Primark t-shirts with photos of slowly dying dinosaurs on them – oh sure, there’s a whole lot of dinosaur dying on this. However Fantasia deserves its place as one of many nice classics of the Disney canon. It’s daring and avant-garde, providing a musical training for younger viewers by pairing classical items with brief animated tales.

Though Mickey’s panicky look, which sees him herd a military of sentient brooms, will all the time be the stand-out, anybody who grew up with Fantasia will virtually definitely keep in mind the nightmarish Night time on Bald Mountain sequence – is any Disney villain scarier than Chernabog?

17. Lilo & Sitch

(Picture credit score: Disney)

The early 2000s have been undoubtedly a combined bag for Disney’s animation unit – is anybody stunned Dinosaur and Rooster Little didn’t make the checklist? So it doesn’t actually really feel proper that Lilo & Sew ought to get lumped in with what some have referred to as “The Second Darkish Age”. It’s a delight and probably the most grounded Disney motion pictures on the market. Look previous the spaceships, the blasters, and the slobbering blue alien-pup and – at its centre – there’s a heartfelt examination of sibling relationships and parental loss.

Lilo & Stich reminds us that every one households are legitimate and might thrive, it doesn’t matter what they appear to be. Individuals aren’t outlined by blood, however by those that love and assist them. Or, as Sew sweetly describes his personal adoptive household: “It is little, and damaged, however nonetheless good. Yeah, nonetheless good.”

16. The Nightmare Earlier than Christmas

(Picture credit score: Disney)

It’s the movie that’s come to outline teen goth aesthetics. However The Nightmare Earlier than Christmas affords way more than an limitless bounty of Sizzling Matter merchandise. Dreamed up by Tim Burton and dropped at display by Henry Selick, it mixes childlike wonderment and ghoulish sensibilities with ease. The usage of stop-motion animation makes it all of the extra charming, like an previous fairytale slowly creaking to life. The songs, written by Danny Elfman, are catchy however off-kilter.

It’s unusual to look again at its unique launch, when Disney deemed it too darkish for youngsters and buried it underneath their Touchstone Footage label. Now, it’s a perennial double-holiday favorite, as Jack Skellington, the king of Halloweentown, stumbles via a wierd portal and crash-lands in Christmastown.

15. Hercules

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Regardless of being launched slap-bang in the course of the ’90s Disney Renaissance, Hercules is commonly handed over in favour of the last decade’s different motion pictures. That’s an enormous disgrace as a result of the story Zeus’s son’s seek for his true household is stuffed with comedy, emotion, and a few refined unpicking of outdated tropes – like Meg’s refusal to be a damsel in misery.

Earlier than Disney purchased Marvel, its writers had already penned a superhero origins story that additionally consists of quite a lot of biting commentaries on obsessive superstar tradition. Hercules is intelligent and artistic – and let’s not neglect that unimaginable rating that meshes R&B beats with gospel. Bless my soul, Herc was actually on a roll.

14. Tangled

(Picture credit score: Disney)

It says loads about Tangled’s growth hell that one of many good minds behind characters like Aladdin, Ariel, Beast, and Tarzan – Glen Keane – had a coronary heart assault halfway via manufacturing. The stress of the challenge was an excessive amount of and spanned years, spiralling the price range till it grew to become the most costly animated film of all time, costing $260 million. However, regardless of all of that drama, the tip product is great.

Tangled brings the standard story of Rapunzel into the trendy period whereas nonetheless respecting the traditional hallmarks of a princess film. Sidekick characters just like the lovable Pascal and hilarious Maximus create some standout moments (watching a sword-wielding horse twin a person with a frying pan by no means will get previous) and the climatic love track underneath 1000’s of colored lanterns is breathtaking. And talking of taking breaths, Glen Keane is ok. In case you have been questioning.

13. Frozen

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Even when you’ve by no means seen Frozen, you’ve most likely heard its trademark track “Let it Go”. Elsa’s face has shortly turn out to be a mainstay on kids’s’ lunch containers all over the place. Walt Disney himself toyed with an adaptation of Hans Christian Anderson’s The Snow Queen however was by no means in a position to pool his concepts right into a single script. Seventy years later, Frozen for upended the traditional Disney Princess narrative by gently mocking Ana and Hans’ lightning-quick engagement.

Nevertheless, Frozen isn’t fairly the bastion of modernity it might have you ever consider; Ana finally ends up tying the knot with Kristoff on the finish of the film – a person who she has actually recognized for 2 days. Nonetheless, the give attention to sisterhood, with the trimmings of a Disney traditional, is sufficient to thaw most frozen hearts.

12. Snow White and the Seven Dwarves

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Launched in 1937, Snow White was Disney’s first-ever feature-length animated film, and an enormous gamble on the time. The manufacturing prices have been astronomical and required years of planning – a lot sweat was flicked from Disney’s forehead when it launched to wild crucial and business success. The standard of Snow’s animation, color, music, and design had by no means been seen on display earlier than, and its story packed an emotional punch. Cartoons on the time have been brief and simplistic, however Snow White proved they may very well be complicated and cemented Walt Disney as a real visionary.

Certain, after we watch Snow White at the moment the story’s pacing lags and Snow’s character belongs firmly within the ’30s. However you’ve bought to keep in mind that Snow White and the Seven Dwarves was the film that carved a path for each Disney film coming after it, and due to this fact stands firmly as probably the most essential.

11. Moana

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Moana is the story of a lady from a Polynesian village who units out onto the open ocean to return a mystical relic to a goddess. Teaming up with one other god, the story invitations audiences to embrace their roots, households and communities – and the manufacturing group made nice pains to make sure their portrayal of Polynesian tradition was correct.

Editor’s Choice: Best Sci-Fi Movies: 45 Science Fiction Films of the 21st Century | IndieWire

The result’s a surprising journey following a selfless and heroic heroine (and a clucking hen voiced by Alan Tudyk) that isn’t slowed down by romantic cliches. If that isn’t sufficient for you, then watch Moana merely for the water. Critically, these results will make your eyebrows quickly ascend into your hairline.

10. Sleeping Magnificence

(Picture credit score: Disney)

There’s a motive Sleeping Magnificence’s fort is the centrepiece of the unique Disneyland theme park. The sheer ambition of this animated film dwarfed all different initiatives on the time, with animators portray on items of paper as large as bedsheets to match the film’s anamorphic widescreen 70mm format.

The result’s an eye-popping, beautiful princess film full of vibrant color mixed in uncommon methods. Lead artist Eyvind Earle – who’d labored on Peter Pan – performed with violet, inexperienced, ochre, indigo, and fuchsia to create a palette by no means earlier than seen on display. With a rousing rating based mostly on the Tchaikovsky ballet and an iconic villain within the type of Maleficent, Sleeping Magnificence stays one of many cornerstones of the Disney catalogue and simply makes it into our checklist of the perfect Disney motion pictures.

9. The Jungle Guide

(Picture credit score: Disney)

It’s honest to say that “Hakuna Matata” owes a good bit to “Naked Requirements.” The Jungle Guide’s songs laid the foundations for rhythms, tunes, and themes that will crop up in later Disney motion pictures in years to come back. What’s fascinating concerning the 1967 adaptation of Rudyard Kipling’s story is how upbeat the rating is in comparison with the underlying darkish themes of the story.

A story of a misplaced orphan boy raised by wolves and hunted by a man-eating tiger might have been tonally grim, however stick a singing orangutan in there and you’ve got your self an emotional key change. Dangerous casting choices like wise-cracking comic Phil Harris as Baloo (who improvised most of his strains) helped convey the story to life and propel The Jungle Guide into traditional standing.

8. Pinocchio

(Picture credit score: Disney)

You recognize the opening slate of each Disney film? When the taking pictures star flies over Sleeping Magnificence’s fort? There’s a motive Pinocchio’s “When You Want Upon a Star” was chosen to play at that second. The second feature-length animated film Disney ever made, Pinocchio is broadly held because the apex of Disney expertise. It’s onerous to consider that the animators engaged on this story of a bit puppet who needs to be an actual boy have been nonetheless studying their craft.

From the homely chaos of the workshop to the nightmarish horror of that donkey scene, Pinocchio created a world that also holds up at the moment. It reached cinemas in 1940 to crucial applause however slumped on the field workplace as a result of outbreak of World Conflict 2. Fortunately, it was re-released a number of years later and skyrocketed to popular culture stardom, prompting kids the world over to gingerly verify their noses at any time when they advised a lie.

7. Alice in Wonderland

(Picture credit score: Disney)

The definitive adaptation of Lewis Carroll’s trippy fairy story, Disney’s model of Alice is surprisingly true to the supply materials, what with its creepy Cheshire Cat and the authentically barmy tea get together – one which’s pleasingly weird, as is the parade of enjoying playing cards. Throw in Disney’s trademark visuals and that is definitely a magical journey you wish to take.

Alive and Wonderland was, although, a disappointment on the field workplace. A part of the issue was that Alduous Huxley, the penman behind Courageous New World, was employed to flesh out the script however then swiftly departed the challenge after feeling his voice was being ignored. Nevertheless, with some psychedelic colors and fantastic songs, Alice in Wonderland has turn out to be a cult favorite.

6. The Muppet Christmas Carol

(Picture credit score: Disney)

The Muppet Christmas Carol is the perfect tackle Charles Dickens’ vacation traditional. Scratch that – it’d flat-out be the perfect adaptation of the writer’s work there’s. The movie’s a surprisingly devoted retelling of the 1843 novella, apart from its majority felt forged and Sir Michael Caine bounding alongside in high hat and harmonising.

It’s one half goofy, one half honest. Statler and Waldorf jangle their chains because the ghostly Jacob and Robert Marley, whereas Tiny Tim is performed by an excruciatingly cute Robin (Kermit’s tiny frog nephew). It not solely captures the touching, altruistic sentiment of the unique story, however showcases the Muppets at their absolute best – bizarre and irreverent, however all the time up for some enjoyable.

5. Aladdin

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Aladdin has birthed two straight-to-video sequels, a SEGA videogame, a complete TV sequence, a West Finish musical, and a live-action remake – proof that it is definitely probably the most standard Disney motion pictures. But, Aladdin almost didn’t get made as Disney CEO Michael Eisner was hesitant to make an animated film set within the Center East. In fact, it went on to turn out to be the highest-grossing film of 1992, outstripping Batman Returns and The Bodyguard. It’s no marvel, actually.

Aladdin boasts a rags-to-riches story stuffed with romance, glamour, and rib-cracking one-liners, plus one in every of Disney’s greatest soundtracks thus far. An impeccable forged consists of Robbie Williams’s vocal abilities, which turned the genie into an icon and spooned ladles of zany comedy into an already stellar script. One of many greats.

4. Mary Poppins

(Picture credit score: Disney)

Who doesn’t love Mary Poppins? Effectively, other than the late P.L. Travers, who wrote the supply books and was extremely peeved to find Walt Disney had dropped winsome songs and dancing penguins into the combination. Historical past has proven it was for the higher: its story of a magical nanny who flies in along with her carpetbag and speaking umbrella to assist households in want feels quintessentially English, regardless of having been dreamed up in a studio in sunny California.

It’s sharp, witty, and kooky the place it counts, as we watch Mary and Bert soar into chalk work and host tea events on the ceiling. Mary Poppins has all the time captured how limitless the world felt as a toddler. Then there’s the irreproachable Julie Andrews – a lady all of us want would snap her fingers and immediately remedy the mess of our grownup lives.

3. The Little Mermaid

(Picture credit score: Disney)

The ’70s and ’80s have been robust a long time for Disney. Forty years After inventing feature-length animated motion pictures, the medium later wasn’t fairly touchdown. Forgettable releases like The Black Cauldron made many consider the solar was setting on the studio’s dynasty – after which The Little Mermaid got here alongside.

Ariel is a completely fascinating heroin: an ocean princess who needs to be human, falling in love with a prince on land. Alan Menken and Howard Ashman wrote the rating, full of classics like “A A part of Your World,” “Underneath the Sea,” and “Kiss the Lady.” The music was so profitable, it gained two Oscars and was heralded because the film that introduced Broadway to cartoons. The Little Mermaid put the studio again on the map, and ushered in a brand new period often called The Disney Renaissance.

2. Magnificence And The Beast

(Picture credit score: Disney)

With modern-day Moanas and Elsas, it’s straightforward to neglect – and even take without any consideration – how Belle rewrote the position of a Disney princess. She blazed a path for good, sharp heroines with extra to inspire them than simply the affections of a prince. Her story is one in every of acceptance, which dazzles with among the most lovely designs Disney has ever created, unimaginable voice appearing, and iconic songs. In truth, Mrs Potts’s “Magnificence and the Beast” is likely to be the perfect romantic track in Disney historical past. It’s not an extravagant ode or declaration of affection, it’s a track about love.

Mrs Potts isn’t singing to Belle or the Beast, however to her son, explaining the very core of what real love is: a story that has existed because the starting of time, and one that everybody shall be taught. Piercing, lovely, and haunting, there’s a motive why Magnificence and the Beast was the primary animated characteristic to ever be nominated for Finest Image on the Academy Awards.

1. The Lion King

(Picture credit score: Disney)

“Naaaaaaaaaants ingonyamaaaaaaaaa bagithi baba, sithi uhm ingonyama.” That opening track – “The Circle of Life,” carried out by Lebo M – units the scene completely; an epic, grandiose track that instantly transports you to the African savannah. The Lion King is a Shakespearean tragedy that is ultimeately about rising up, parenthood, and the way our notion of the world (and our position inside it) adjustments in response to trauma and love.

Regardless of Simba’s story being one in every of privilege, its beating coronary heart of shaken identification is deeply acquainted to many. The musical abilities of the legendary Elton John and virtuoso Hans Zimmer (who went on to attain Gladiator and Inception) are the cherries on high of this masterpiece. The Lion King is our choose for the perfect Disney film of all time.

Learn extra: New Netflix motion pictures | Finest Netflix exhibits| Finest Netflix documentaries | Finest Netflix motion pictures

Editor’s Choice: 50 Best Movies on Disney Right Now – Paste

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *