Ganesh Chaturthi Vrat Katha (Vinayaka Chavithi Stories) are provided here. These stories include the Birth of Ganesha (Vinayaka Utpatti), Ganesha becoming Ganadhipathi (Vighneshwara’s domination), Ganesha being insulted by Chandra (Chandra’s disregard), and a story related to the Samantaka Mani.
Ganesh Chaturthi Vrat Katha
The story begins with Dharma Raj, a member of the Chandra dynasty, losing all his wealth and kingdom due to deceitful actions by his cousins. He, along with his wife and brothers, sought refuge in the forest. One day, while in the forest, he came across the sage Sootha, who was imparting ancient knowledge to other hermits. Dharma Raj respectfully approached the sage and narrated his troubles. He asked Sootha for guidance on a ritual or vow that would help him regain his lost property and kingdom. Pleased by Dharma Raj’s humility, Sootha advised him to perform the “vinayaka vratham” (Ganesh Chaturthi Vrat or Pooja).
According to Sootha, the vratha katha unfolds as follows: Once, Kumaraswamy (a form of Lord Kartikeya) approached Lord Shiva and asked for a ritual that would fulfill the desires of people, bring prosperity to their families, and grant them a fulfilled life. Lord Shiva responded, recommending the Vinayaka Vratha. He explained that by performing this pooja on the fourth day of the month of Bhaadrapad, people would be blessed with prosperity, longevity, and the fulfillment of their goals. The rituals involved getting up early in the morning, completing daily routines, and taking an oil bath. An idol of Lord Vinayaka, made of gold, silver, or clay depending on one’s capacity, should be placed in the north side of the house on a decorated portico. The pooja should be performed with akshatha (sacred rice), flowers, leaves, dhoop (incense), and deep (lamp). Offerings of sugar cane, black plum, and wood apple (21 fruits each) should be made. The pooja concludes with devotional songs, dances, and music recitations, followed by a feast with relatives and well-wishers. The next morning, the pooja should be repeated, and the priests honored. Those who perform this pooja will be blessed by Lord Ganapathi, and all their aspirations will be fulfilled. This vratha is hailed by gods, hermits, and Gandharvas, and is considered the best among all vrathas.
Dharma Raj followed Sootha’s advice, performed the Vinayaka Vratha, defeated his rivals, and regained his lost property.
The narrative then shifts to the story of Damayanthi, the princess of Vidarbha, who performed the same pooja and was able to marry King Nala. Lord Krishna also performed the Vinayaka pooja and was blessed with the Samanthaka Mani (a powerful gem) and two virgins, Jaambavathi and SatyaBhama.
Birth of Vinayaka
In the heavenly abode of Kailas, Goddess Parvathi created a small toy in the shape of a boy. Using a mantra she had learned from her father, she breathed life into the toy. Parvathi left the boy outside to keep watch while she prepared for Lord Shiva’s arrival. When Shiva arrived, the boy, known as Ganesh or Vinayaka, stopped him from entering. Shiva, in a rage, severed the boy’s head and went inside. Parvathi, upon discovering what had happened, was devastated. Shiva realized his mistake and attached the head of Gajaanana (elephant-faced) to the boy, granting him eternal respect and love. Thus, Vinayaka became cherished by Shiva and Parvathi. Later, Kumaraswamy was born to the divine couple.
Following this, gods, hermits, and humans praised Lord Shiva and requested him to appoint a leader of obstacles. Gajaanana (Vinayaka) requested the leadership, citing his elder status, but Kumaraswamy argued that he was more capable and worthy. Shiva decided to settle the matter with a competition. The first one to bathe in all the sacred rivers and return to him would be the leader. Kumaraswamy rushed off immediately, while Vinayaka contemplated his slower pace. Seeking guidance from his father, Vinayaka learned the Narayana mantra, which grants control over water. Chanting the mantra, Vinayaka circled around his parents, symbolically bathing in all the sacred rivers, before Kumaraswamy could return. Surprised by Vinayaka’s feat, Kumaraswamy humbly accepted defeat and acknowledged Vinayaka as the leader.
On the auspicious day of Vinayaka Chavithi, people prepared delicacies such as kudumulu (rice flour dumplings) and undrallu (steamed rice flour and jaggery). Vighneswara (Vinayaka) enjoyed these sweets, ate many modaks (undrallu), and even shared some with his carrier, Mooshika the rat. As he went to pay his respects to his parents, he encountered a problem. Due to his overeating, his stomach protruded, preventing him from bowing down properly. Chandra, who resided on Shiva’s head, laughed sarcastically at Vinayaka. Unfortunately, this hurtful act caused Vinayaka’s stomach to burst, resulting in his death. Parvathi was devastated by this tragedy and cursed Chandra, declaring that anyone who saw him would be slandered and considered sinful. The wives of the hermits, upon seeing Chandra, were falsely accused of infidelity, causing great distress. The curse was eventually lifted, but every year on the fourth day of Bhadrapada, people avoided looking at Chandra, out of respect.
Samanthaka Mani Story
In the Dwapara Yuga, Narada visited Lord Krishna in Dwaraka and praised him. As their conversation continued into the evening, Narada informed Krishna about the significance of Vinayaka Chaviti and the importance of not looking at Chandra on that day. Sri Krishna, who was squeezing milk into a bowl, inadvertently saw Chandra’s reflection in the milk and became concerned about the possible consequences.
Some time later, Satrajith acquired the Samanthaka gem. After visiting Krishna in Dwaraka, Satrajith refused to give the gem as a gift to the king, fearing its immense value. Satrajith’s brother, Prasena, wore the gem and went hunting but was killed by a lion. The lion was then killed by a bear, who gave the gem to her daughter, Jaambavathi, as a plaything.
When Krishna learned of Prasena’s death and the accusations made against him, he embarked on a quest with his soldiers to find the gem. After a fierce battle with Jaambavathi’s father, Jaambavantha, Krishna emerged victorious. Jaambavantha recognized Krishna as Lord Rama from a previous encounter and surrendered. Krishna returned the gem to Satrajith, clearing his name. Satrajith, realizing his mistake, presented Krishna with the gem along with his daughter, Satyabhama. Krishna accepted Satyabhama as his wife and entrusted the gem to Satrajith for safekeeping.
Krishna concluded by blessing those who perform the Vinayaka pooja and listen to the story of the Samanthaka Mani, assuring them that even if they see Chandra on that day, they will not face any slander or harm.
With the annual celebration of Vinayaka Chavithi, people continue to worship Lord Vinayaka, leading joyful and prosperous lives. For more information about Ratingperson, visit their website here.