By Márgara Averbach
The animated series “The Powerpuff Girls” repeats the lack of creativity and hidden stereotypes that characterize female characters in most Disney cartoons in recent years, all under the guise of apparent political correctness. This article aims to describe how these seemingly politically correct representations and conservative ideas are portrayed in the show, both in images and words, drawing comparisons to other Disney productions.
The Changing Role of Women in Animation
In recent years, Disney has made efforts to give more prominent roles to female characters, moving away from the traditional helpless damsel in distress archetype. Films like “The Lion King,” “Pocahontas,” and “Beauty and the Beast” depict female characters as teachers who guide the hero towards true heroism. These films challenge the traditional Western myth of the lone male hero and explore a different kind of heroism that goes beyond individual acts of justice.
The Role of Women in the Western Myth
The traditional Western hero, as defined by Leslie Fiedler, is an individualistic and solitary figure dominated by a passion for small acts of justice. He feels a deep hatred towards societal rules and sees women as a representation of those rules, demanding certain commitments. In contrast, the female characters in these films desire a different kind of heroism. They want the hero to abandon his solitary heroism and accept a fixed role within society, which is a departure from the traditional Western myth.
A New Role for Women in Disney Films
In recent Disney films, the roles of women and men are similar to those described by Fiedler, but there is a reversal of values. Female characters, like Nala in “The Lion King,” teach the hero social responsibility and encourage integration into society. These films suggest that the heroism of solitude and resistance to society’s rules is negative and should be overcome. In this sense, the films can be seen as “anti-westerns,” challenging the traditional Western hero archetype.
The Powerpuff Girls: New Traits for Female Power
“The Powerpuff Girls” is an interesting product that, upon closer analysis, replicates old patterns in a new package. The series presents the girls as the result of an experiment to create the “perfect little girl.” The essence of traditional femininity, represented by “sugar, spice, and everything nice,” collides with the accidental introduction of the mysterious Chemical X. This duality is evident in the girls’ appearance – cute and colorful, yet capable of expressing anger, determination, and even extreme physical violence.
While the initial presentation seems to challenge the idea of the “perfect little girl,” further analysis reveals a binary nature within the Powerpuff Girls. The series explores the tension between heroic acts and typical childhood problems, presenting a combination of opposites such as normality and superpowers, middle-class life and saving the world, good manners and mischief. Mojo Jojo’s statement that the “normal girls” are weak and defenseless contradicts the girls’ ability to use violence when necessary and showcases their heroic potential.
Masculinity and Age in the Powerpuff Girls
In the series, there is an inversion of traditional gender roles, with the girls solving adults’ problems and men being portrayed as foolish or oblivious to the truth. However, this portrayal needs further examination. The complexity lies in the relationship between gender and age, with children being depicted as more perceptive and capable than adults. While the girls hold power and agency, they are still bound by the idea of good manners and protecting adults from uncomfortable truths.
The Symbolism of Colors in the Powerpuff Girls
The series uses colors to reinforce conservative ideologies. The girls’ uniform appearance and the absence of gradations in their colors reflect a traditional classification of human characteristics. The red-haired Blossom represents intelligence and leadership, the blonde Bubbles represents sweetness and sensitivity, and the brunette Buttercup is associated with attitude, violence, and strength. This color symbolism aligns with the idea that darkness and violence are linked to non-white races.
The Absence of Mothers in the Powerpuff Girls
Similar to Disney films, “The Powerpuff Girls” lacks significant mother figures. The girls are raised solely by their creator, Professor Utonium, who symbolizes authority and power. The absence of mothers is a recurring theme in children’s films, reinforcing the notion that heroines cannot be fully adult or mothers. Instead, they are seen as incomplete without male figures to guide and shape them. This absence is particularly noticeable in the episode where Professor Utonium tries to find a mother figure for the girls, ultimately resulting in disaster.
“The Powerpuff Girls” may seem like a show that empowers girls, but it ultimately reinforces patriarchal ideologies about women and power. The girls’ depiction as polite and well-behaved reflects the traditional definition of the “perfect little girl.” Despite their superpowers, they conform to societal rules and seek approval from male authority figures. The series’ presentation of the mysterious Chemical X as a disruptive element suggests that the girls would be happier without their powers. In the end, the show perpetuates the belief that women are less powerful as adults and that mother figures are unnecessary for heroines.